(November 15, 1923–June 20, 2015)
Miriam Schapiro was a pioneering feminist artist who heped found the Pattern and Decoration movement. She was born to Russian Jewish parents in Toronto and grew up in the Flatbush neighborhood of Brooklyn. She received a bahelor's degree in graphic art and and a master's in printmaking as well as a master's in fine art from the University of Iowa, where she studied under the printmaker Mauricio Lasansky.
She founded the Feminist Art Program at the California Institute of the Arts with Judy Chicago in 1970. In 1971 Schapiro and Chicaog enlisted students and local artists to create their landmark installation "Womanhouse" in Los Angeles. During this time she began to work with what she referred to as "femmage" or works that collaged materials associated with women's domestic activies. She made feminism the foundation of her work and was dedicated to redefining the role of women in the arts and elevating the status of of craft and pattern-- generally the anonymous work of women in the household--in the art world.