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Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University

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Open Access

Tile with Floral Design

Artist: Unknown Syrian Artist
Date: 1501-1700
16th century-17th century
Dimensions: 8 x 10.5 x 1 in. (20.32 x 26.67 x 2.54 cm)
Object Type: Architectural Element
Creation Place: Middle East, Syria
Medium and Support: Polychrome stonepaste (fritware) tile with transparent glaze
Credit Line: On loan from Art Properties, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University (C00.1791)
Accession Number: L2021.07.01
On View: Bellarmine Hall Galleries


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public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
seventeenth century
Century in the proleptic Gregorian calendar including the years 1600 to 1699 (or 1601 to 1700).
architectural elements
Forms, structural or decorative, developed originally or primarily as components of architecture, often adapted to other habitable spaces, such as in large vehicles, and often borrowed or imitated for structural or decorative use on other objects.
sixteenth century
Century in the proleptic Gregorian calendar including the years 1500 to 1599 (or 1501 to 1600).
Refers to the style and period associated with the reign of the Islamic dynasty that began to rule in Anatolia in 1281 until the promulgation of the Constitution of the Turkish Republic in 1924. Under the support of Ottoman sultans, a distinct architectural style developed that combined the Islamic traditions of Anatolia, Iran, and Syria with those of the Classical world and Byzantium. The result was a rationalist approach that favored spatial unity and clarity, the most important structure being the kulliye, a building complex combining religious, educational and charitable buildings. The main architectural theme of this complex was the domed square unit and combinations of varying spatial and architectonic expressions. The mosque, and in some cases the mosque-convent, was the crowning achievement. Under the conquest of Constantinople and the establishment of new administrative palaces across the empire, the relationship between Ottoman patrons and the artist became centralized. A corps of court architects employed architects of different ranks, and controlled all building activity throughout the empire. A community of craftsman brought together societies of artists and craftsman, forming the imperial design studio where illuminated manuscripts, tiles, woodwork, carved stone, jade, and metal objects, along with carpets and textiles were produced. These works typically chronicled the important events of a sultan's rule. During the 18th and 19th century, Ottoman art was increasingly westernized in style, often incorporating elements of European Baroque style.

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