Virgin and Child
Artist: Unknown Austrian
This statue portrays the common Medieval symbol of Mary’s Throne of Wisdom, and her role as Queen of Heaven. These were important themes during the 13th century, as devotion to Mary increased in the Christian church. The statue belongs to a category called “Majesties,” which are sculptures characterized by a rigid, symmetrical Mary holding an adult-looking Christ child on her lap. These statues were used in religious processions throughout medieval France and the Holy Roman Empire. The lack of jewels and adornments on the statue suggests that it originally belonged to a smaller church, as cathedral versions were often embedded with precious materials. This particular Virgin and Child statue exhibits more lifelike poses than many other examples, showing a transition from the Romanesque period to the more naturalistic Gothic style.
This sculpture formed part of the famous Rothschild collection, which was confiscated by the Nazis in 1938. By the end of World War II, the sculpture was being stored in the Altaussee Salt Mine in Austria alongside other looted works of art. After the war, it was returned to Louis de Rothschild and was later sold by his widow.
Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
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