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Chariot Race

Amphiareion of Oropos
Artist: Unknown Greek Artist Primary
Date: ca.350 BCE
4th century BCE
Dimensions: 32.5 x 39 x 4.5 in. (82.55 x 99.06 x 11.43 cm)
Object Type: Plaster Cast
Creation Place: Europe, Greece
Medium and Support: Plaster cast after marble original
Credit Line: Lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Accession Number: L1991.16
This work is not currently on view

Cast of a marble votive relief of a chariot race, from the Amphiareion of Oropos, a sanctuary dedicated to the hero Amipharaos. It was a pilgrimage site known for its healing abilities and its oracle. Amphiaraos, one of the leaders of the "Seven against Thebes", or the group of Greek champions who declared war on the city of Thebes. During the war, Amphiaraus fled from a battle with Periclymenus, a son of the god Poseidon, who wanted to kill him. Before he could be killed, the god Zeus threw a thunderbolt, causing the earth opened to swallow and conceal Amphiaraus and his chariot.


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Equus caballus
Hooved animal. Original populations of Equus caballus were once found in the steppe zone from Poland to Mongolia. Now domesticated, horses occur throughout the world and in feral populations in some areas. Three of the several early breeds of horse - Przewalski's horse from central Asia, the tarpan from eastern Europe and the Ukrainian steppes, and the forest horse of northern Europe - are generally thought to have been the ancestral stock of modern domestic horses. According to this line of thinking, Przewalski's horse and the tarpan formed the basic breeding stock from which the southerly 'warm-blooded' horses developed, while the forest horse gave rise to the heavy, 'cold-blooded' breeds. All modern breeds are divided as light, fast, spirited breeds typified by the modern Arabian, heavier, slower, and calmer working breeds typified by the Belgian, and intermediate breeds typified by the Thoroughbred. They are also classified according to where they originated (e.g., Percheron, Clydesdale, and Arabian), by the principal use of the horse (riding, draft, coach horse), and by their outward appearance and size (light, heavy, pony).
Late Classical
Refers to the last phase of the Classical period and style, from around 400 BCE to around 330 BCE. It was initiated by the end of the Pelopponesian War and ended after the Greek states lost their independence to Philip of Macedon. It is characterized by a movement away from the perfect, ideal canons of style to a greater focus on the depiction of individual human beings and the real world, and by a diversity and inventiveness among various artists. Notable innovations in sculpture include the depiction of female goddesses in the nude, figures that are less austere and more sensuous, poses and gestures that thrust out of the confined boundaries of the ideal Classical pose, and body proportions that are more slender than in High Classical art.
Physical exercises by which muscular strength is called into play and increased.
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
Ancient Greek
Refers to the culture and styles of ancient Greece, generally excluding modern and prehistoric periods, but including periods between around 900 BCE to around 31 BCE. For the culture of Greece in general, including modern Greece, see "Greek."
votive tablets
Tablets produced for a variety of functions, as souvenirs for pilgrims, icons for portable shrines, models for artists, or for insertion into images or stupas to enhance their potency. These may incorporate carved images of deities or inscriptions.
Ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek, and Roman animal-drawn, wheeled vehicles with a wide range of uses and forms, usually driven from the standing position and most often with two wheels; probably developed in Mesopotamia around the early 3rd millenium and could be pulled by up to ten animals.
Genre and tradition concerning the study of a culture's body of myths, belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition in an authoritative and official fashion and through symbolic narrative, iconography, or characterization, usually through the forms and personalities of deities.
Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."

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