Medallion, St. Nicholas
Artist: Unknown Byzantine Artist Primary
Date: 11th century
Dimensions: 1.31 x 0.75 x 0.06 in. (3.33 x 1.91 x 0.16 cm)
Object Type: Medallion
Creation Place: Europe
Medium and Support: Cloisonne enamel, gold
Credit Line: Lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917 (17.190.663)
Accession Number: L2010.01.05
On View: Bellarmine Hall Galleries
St. Nicholas, fourth-century Bishop of Myra (Turkey), is the patron saint of children, sailors, prisoners awaiting execution, and endangered travelers. On the medallion, he is giving a sign of blessing. Byzantine goldsmiths developed tools and a precise technique to create some of the finest enamels. Cloisonné enamels are made by filling small cells formed by gold wire, called cloisons, with glass powder and firing in a kiln. Here, St. Nicholas is made from eight distinct colors – ten colors are the maximum seen in one enameled image in this period. Unlike other medallions that would have been worn around the neck, the drilled holes show that this would have been fastened to the cover of a religious book, framing a central icon image. It was probably created in a monastery in the country of Georgia.
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