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Open Access

Figurine of a panther or leopard, probably from a vessel

Artist: Unknown Syrian Artist Primary
Date: 323 BCE - 256 CE
4th century BCE - 3rd Century CE
Dimensions: 1.5 x 1.13 x 3.63 in. (3.81 x 2.86 x 9.21 cm)
Object Type: Figurine
Creation Place: Middle East, Syria
Medium and Support: Bronze
Credit Line: Lent by the Yale University Art Gallery, Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos.
Accession Number: L2020.05.07
On View: Bellarmine Hall Galleries





Keywords

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third century BCE
Century in the proleptic Gregorian calendar including the years 299 to 200 (or 300 to 201) Before Common Era.
bronze
Refers to a broad range of alloys of copper, specifically any non-ferrous alloy of copper, tin, and zinc or other trace metals. Bronze was made before 3,000 BCE -- possibly as early as 10,000 BCE, although its common use in tools and decorative items is dated only in later artifacts. The proportions of copper and tin vary widely, from 70 to 95 percent copper in surviving ancient artifacts. Because of the copper base, bronze may be very malleable and easy to work. By the Middle Ages in Europe, it was recognized that using the metals in certain proportions could yield specific properties. Some modern bronzes contain no tin at all, substituting other metals such as aluminum, manganese, and even zinc. Historically, the term was used interchangeably with "latten." U.S. standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin and 3% zinc. Ancient bronze alloys sometimes contained up to 14% tin.
fourth century
Century in the proleptic Gregorian calendar including the years 300 to 399 (or 301 to 400).
figurines
Three-dimensional works that represent humans, animals, or mythical beasts at less than half life-size. While the term may be used interchangeably with "statuette" in certain situations, it differs in that a statuette is always free-standing while a figurine may be part of a larger work, such as a decorative detail on a candelabra or mirror.
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
sculpture
Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."

Portfolio List

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