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Open Access

[Relief plaque with stylized tigers and phoenixes]

Artist: Unknown Chinese Artist Primary
Date: ca. 453-221 BCE
5th century-3rd century BCE
Object Type: Furnishings & Equipment
Creation Place: Asia, China
Medium and Support: Gold
Credit Line: Gift of an Anonymous Donor, 2022.
Accession Number: 2022.20.02
On View: Bellarmine Hall Galleries, Print Case


TK Oriental Antiques; sold to anonymous donor in 2003; gift 2022 to the Fairfield University Art Museum.


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Any living organisms, including human beings; may be real or fictional, including mythical or legendary creatures.
Warring States
Refers to the culture, style, and period of later part of the Eastern Zhou, from 403 to 221 BCE, although some scholars date the period to 475 to 221 BCE. Its name comes from chronicles of the time. A time of severe fragmentation with a subsequent economic and political decline, it was nevertheless a time of imaginative craftsmanship. This creativity was perhaps spurred on by an increase in artistic patrons as well as competition between the different states of the Zhou dynasty. The tomb of the Marquis of Zeng at Suizhou in Hubei province is a notable early Warring States site; it contained over 15,000 artifacts such as bronze ritual vessels, bells, weapons, lacquerware, and wooden and bamboo objects. Birds with curved wings and dragons were dominant decorative motifs for bronzes and ceramics, revealing contact with the cultures of the Asiatic steppes, the Huns and Tartars.
Furnishings and Equipment
The Furnishings and Equipment hierarchy contains terms for objects that are primarily movable that provide comfort, convenience, or protection in dwellings, places or business, or other public or private spaces. They may be useful or ornamental and may be used in indoor or outdoor spaces. Regarding other Hierarchies: Terms for objects with the primary purpose of storage receptacles or other forms of container (e.g., "candle boxes," "footlockers") are in the Containers hierarchy.
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
Originally applied works of metal, but also used for works in plastic, glass, or other similar materials, pieces of design that are created separately and intended to be attached to the main visual work or other object. For works of textile, prefer "appliqué (visual works)."
Pure metallic element having symbol Au and atomic number 79; a soft, inert, shiny reddish yellow metal that is very malleable and ductile. Gold has been highly valued and found in artifacts dating to before 5000 BCE. Native gold, found in quartz veins (vein gold) and alluvial deposits (placer gold), generally contains some silver and copper. Gold is purified by dissolution in mercury or cyanide solutions, by melting, or by electrodeposition. The purity of commercial gold is expressed in karats which is the number of parts of gold in 24 parts of the alloy. Today gold is primarily used for monetary systems and for jewelry.

Portfolio List

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