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The Historic Plaster Cast Collection

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The image is of a cast mounted on a wall which features a woman holding a shield passing something to a man across from her. It features rows of Greek text including a label of Kios above the man’s head.

Open Access

Decrees for an Alliance between Athens and Kios in the Bosphorus

Inscribed Stele from Propylaia, Acropolis, Athens
Artist: Unknown Greek Artist Primary
Date: 406 BCE - 405 BCE
5th century BCE
Dimensions: 28 x 10.25 x 12.25 in. (71.12 x 26.04 x 31.12 cm)
Object Type: Plaster Cast
Creation Place: Europe, Greece
Medium and Support: Plaster Cast after marble original
Credit Line: Lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Accession Number: L1991.14
On View: DiMenna-Nyselius Library LL115

This cast was taken from a marble original now located in the Acropolis Museum in Athens . The original stele was discovered in the Propylaia in 1837. The upper portion of the relief depicts goddess Athena greeting Kios, the mythical hero and namesake of the city of Kios who was believed to be a companion of Herakles or Herucules.

The inscription on the lower portion of the stele contains a decree commemorating an alliance between Athens and the city of Kios in acknowledgement of Kios' assistance in negotiating the return of several Athenian ambassadors who had been taken hostage by the Persions ca. 406 BCE.


Bibliography





Keywords

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Athenian Acropolis
An ancient citadel located in the city of Athens containing the remains of several ancient buildings including the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheion, and the Temple of Athena Nike.
politics
The art or science of government or governing, especially the governing of a political entity, such as a nation, and the administration and control of its internal and external affairs.
High Classical
Refers to the middle phase of the Greek Classical period and style, from around 450 BCE to around 400 BCE. In sculpture it is characterized by the complete mastery of the ideal human form, represented in balanced, subtle movement and with drapery that clings to the body to reveal the form beneath. In vase painting, it is characterized by an increased refinement and variety of human forms and facial expressions. In architecture it is characterized by a lightening of proportions and a refinement of earlier established orders.
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
acropolises
The higher and usually fortified sections of ancient Greek cities, typically containing temples and some public buildings and used as places of refuge.
Ancient Greek
Refers to the culture and styles of ancient Greece, generally excluding modern and prehistoric periods, but including periods between around 900 BCE to around 31 BCE. For the culture of Greece in general, including modern Greece, see "Greek."
Propylaia
The monumental entrance to the sanctuaries on the Athenian Acroplis. It was designed by Mnseikles and built btween 437-431 BCE to replace an older gate.
mythology
Genre and tradition concerning the study of a culture's body of myths, belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition in an authoritative and official fashion and through symbolic narrative, iconography, or characterization, usually through the forms and personalities of deities.
Kios
A city on the Asian coast of the Propontis (Sea of Marmara). Can also refer to the mythical eponymous hero of the city who was a companion of Herakles (Hercules)
propylaea
Monumental entrances to sacred enclosures in ancient Greece and Rome.
sculpture
Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."

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