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Plaster Cast Collection

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North Frieze, Block 36, Parthenon, Athens
Artist: Unknown Greek Artist Primary
Date: 442 BCE - 438 BCE
5th century BCE
Dimensions: 42.5 x 49 x 3 in. (107.95 x 124.46 x 7.62 cm)
Object Type: Plaster Cast
Creation Place: Europe, Greece
Medium and Support: Plaster cast after Pentelic marble original in the Acropolis Museum, Athens
Credit Line: Gift of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004
Accession Number: 2019.04.17
On View: Bellarmine Hall Cast Corridor

The Riders are the most widely recognizable sculptures from the Parthenon’s frieze, in large measure because they are perhaps the best preserved sculptures in the entire ensemble. They are also remarkable for their embodiment of the Classical ideal of both man and horse.

The action on the North Frieze, as in this example, shows the cavalcade in full motion. Subtle overlapping defines groups which we now know are rows of riders. The sculptors brought the row forward to fill one or two blocks within the frieze, in part because they did not yet know how to show six or eight riders receding directly into the distance (an innovation that would be discovered in the Hellenistic period).

Each rider is expressive in a unique and individual way. Here, for instance, one is seen holding the reins low in his left hand, while another extends his right arm, as if to caress his horse gently between its ears. Horses tug at the bit, shake their heads, flicker their ears, arch or extend their necks in a variety of ways to convey their nervous energy within the procession. Remarkably, the sculptors and designers never repeated the same horse or rider within the entire frieze.


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Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."

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