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On View in Bellarmine Hall

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Open Access


Artist: Unknown Celtic Artist Primary
Date: 1200-900 BCE
12th century - 9th century BCE
Dimensions: 2.94 x 9.38 x 2.94 in. (7.46 x 23.81 x 7.46 cm)
Object Type: Jewelry
Creation Place: Europe
Medium and Support: Copper alloy
Credit Line: Lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, The Kurt Berliner Foundation Gift, 2000 (2000.407.1)
Accession Number: L2013.13.08
On View: Bellarmine Hall Galleries

Almost four millennia old, this object of adornment is the earliest artwork in the Fairfield University Art Museum. Likely worn by an elite member of Bronze Age society, this band is made of copper smelted with zinc, tin, or arsenic. The metal was cast in semicircular sandstone molds to create spirals, a common decorative motif in this period. The armband is engraved with a combination of cable-lines (small indented marks) and slanted markings. Its greenish-blue color is the result of exposure to oxygen. The coils may have served as protection for an archer’s forearm.


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Refers to the culture and styles associated with the Celts, an early Indo-European people who spread over Europe, from the British Isles and northern Spain to east of Transylvania, the Black Sea coasts, and Galatia in Anatolia, from the second millennium BCE to the first century BCE. Elements of the style persisted for centuries in southern Scandinavia and the post-Roman British Isles. It is characterized by a reference to the art of ancient Italy, Greece, and the East, combined in a new and individual style that includes a strong sense of form and structure, stylized plant, animal, and human forms, a balance of voids and ornament, vigorous vitality, and contrasts of texture.
copper alloy
Alloy in which copper is the principle element.
Ornaments such as bracelets, necklaces, and rings, of precious or semiprecious materials worn or carried on the person for adornment; also includes similar articles worn or carried for devotional or mourning purposes.
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
Bronze Age
Refers to the period and culture associated with the second age in the Three Age system developed by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen in 1836. It is characterized by the widespread use of bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin, lead, antimony, or arsenic, in the manufacture of tools and weapons. It developed at different times in different parts of the world, from around 3,500 BCE in Greece and China to around 1,400 BCE in several areas of Europe. There was not a Bronze Age in the Americas, since the local Stone Age cultures were introduced directly to Iron Age technologies by European explorers.

Portfolio List

This object is a member of the following portfolios:

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