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Open Access

The Flagellation

Artist: Master of San Martino alla Palma (active )
Date: ca. 1330
14th century
Dimensions: 11.5 x 8.5 in. (29.21 x 21.59 cm)
Dimensions Extent: unframed
Object Type: Painting
Creation Place: Europe, Italy
Medium and Support: Tempera on panel
Credit Line: On loan from Berea College (Gift of the Kress Foundation), Berea, Kentucky
Accession Number: L2016.11.01
On View: Bellarmine Hall Galleries

At the center of this small panel, Christ is shown tied to a tall, slender column, with a cruciform halo framing his head. Flanking him, two torturers each lift a weapon called a scourge (Latin: flagellum) comprised of leather thongs attached to a handle. In contrast to the imminent violence, their bodies are posed with dancer-like grace poses against the gilded background.

The Flagellation was a gift to Berea College from the Kress Foundation. It was originally part of a larger ensemble depicting scenes from the Passion of Christ; four other panels of similar dimensions are today in the Gemäldegalerie in Berlin.


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Unique works in which images are formed primarily by the direct application of pigments suspended in oil, water, egg yolk, molten wax, or other liquid, arranged in masses of color, onto a generally two-dimensional surface.
Of, relating to, or contained in the Bible, which contains the sacred scriptures of Judaism or Christianity.
Bible stories
Stories paraphrasing Biblical texts or closely based on Biblical events.
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
Refers to the world religion and culture that developed in the first century CE, driven by the teachings of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Its roots are in the Judaic tradition and the Old Testament. The tenets include a belief in the death and redemptive resurrection of Jesus. The religion incorporates a tradition of faith, ritual, and a form of church authority or leadership.

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