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Portrait Medal of Pope Clement XIV Ganganelli Commemorating the Suppression of the Jesuits in 1773

Artist: Filippo Cropanese (active 1756 - 1773) Primary
Date: 1774
18th century
Dimensions: 1.56 in. (3.95 cm)
Dimensions Extent: width = diameter
Object Type: Medal
Creation Place: Europe, Italy
Medium and Support: Bronze
Credit Line: Museum purchase, 2016
Accession Number: 2016.30.01
This work is not currently on view

The obverse of the medal shows a portrait of Pope Clement XIV (1705-1774), accompanied by the Latin inscription CLEMENS XIV PONT[ifex] M[aximus] A[nno] VI, which identifies it as having been cast in the sixth year of the pope’s reign. Underneath the pope’s bust, the medallist added his signature, CROPANESE INC[isore].

The medal’s reverse shows a palm tree with the Latin motto FRUCTUM ATTULIT IN PATIENTIA (fruit brought forth in patience), with the date MCCLXXIV. The motto is derived from the Parable of the Sower in the Gospel of Luke, 8:15: “the seed fell upon the good ground, and fruit was brought forth with patience.” The medal was cast to commemorate Clement XIV’s suppression of the Jesuit order in 1773; the suppression would not be lifted until 1814.


Fairfield University Art Museum, Fairfield, Connecticut, The Holy Name. Art of the Gesù: Bernini and his Age, February 2 - May 19, 2018


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Refers to a broad range of alloys of copper, specifically any non-ferrous alloy of copper, tin, and zinc or other trace metals. Bronze was made before 3,000 BCE -- possibly as early as 10,000 BCE, although its common use in tools and decorative items is dated only in later artifacts. The proportions of copper and tin vary widely, from 70 to 95 percent copper in surviving ancient artifacts. Because of the copper base, bronze may be very malleable and easy to work. By the Middle Ages in Europe, it was recognized that using the metals in certain proportions could yield specific properties. Some modern bronzes contain no tin at all, substituting other metals such as aluminum, manganese, and even zinc. Historically, the term was used interchangeably with "latten." U.S. standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin and 3% zinc. Ancient bronze alloys sometimes contained up to 14% tin.
Small pieces of metal, usually gold, silver, or bronze and bearing a relief design on one or both sides and having a commemorative purpose; resembling a coin, but not used as a medium of exchange.
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
Refers to the world religion and culture that developed in the first century CE, driven by the teachings of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Its roots are in the Judaic tradition and the Old Testament. The tenets include a belief in the death and redemptive resurrection of Jesus. The religion incorporates a tradition of faith, ritual, and a form of church authority or leadership.
Representations of real individuals that are intended to capture a known or supposed likeness, usually including the face of the person. For representations intended to be anonymous, or of fictional or mythological characters, see "figures (representations)."

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