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Artist: Zwe Mon (1990 – )
Artist's collection; Private Collection; Thukhuma Collection; gift 2022 to the Fairfield University Art Museum
Refers to the philosophy and religion based on the enlightenment and teachings of the Buddha Gautama in the early sixth century BCE in the northeastern region of modern India. Playing dominant roles in the art and culture of Southeast Asia and East Asia, this religion is based on the transcendence of human suffering and pain through the acceptance of the limitations of individuality, the surrender of worldly desires and cravings that cause disappointment and sorrow, and the deliverance from the impermanence of living and individual ego based on wealth, social position, or family through the process of enlightenment (nirvana). The religion also centers around 'anatman', or no-self, the idea that the self is in a state of action or a series of changing manifestations rather than in a state of fixed, metaphysical substance. The structure of the religion is based on the Triratna ("Three Jewels" of Buddha), a tripartite schematic for living based on three elements: Buddha (the teacher), dharma (the teaching), and sangha (community).
Unique works in which images are formed primarily by the direct application of pigments suspended in oil, water, egg yolk, molten wax, or other liquid, arranged in masses of color, onto a generally two-dimensional surface.
Settled in 5th millennium BCE; early home to Mongolian people from Tibet from 5th century BCE; Hindus settled 3rd century; united under dynasty at Pagan 11th century; overthrown by Mongols 13th century; united under Toungoo dynasty 16th century and as modern state in 18th century; official language is Burmese, but others are used by ethnic groups including Indians, Chinese, Karen, and Shan.
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