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Open Access

Modern rubbing from Votive Stele Dedicated by Monk Zhilang (Reverse)

Artist: Unknown Artist Primary
20th century
Object Type: Work on Paper
Creation Place: Asia, China
Medium and Support: Ink on paper
Credit Line: Gift of Jane and Leopold Swegold, 2017.
Accession Number: CAC2017.03.01
This work is not currently on view

This ink rubbing is taken froma 6th century stele in the Columbia University collections. The stele was on long term loan to the Fairfield University Art Museum until Spring 2021, and although it has now returned home, this rubbing is a physical reminder of its presence here on campus.


Fairfield University Art Museum, Fairfield, Connecticut, ink/stone, January 21-March 5, 2022


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Transferring or copying an image, texture, or design from a relief or incised surface to a material such as paper or cloth either by placing the material over the surface and applying pressure and friction with a medium such as chalk or pencil, or by inking the surface of the original work, placing the material, and applying pressure and friction through rubbing. The purpose may be to create a copy of the original work, or to create a design or texture for use in a new work.
Upright stone slabs, plain or decorated, used as commemorative markers.
Refers to the philosophy and religion based on the enlightenment and teachings of the Buddha Gautama in the early sixth century BCE in the northeastern region of modern India. Playing dominant roles in the art and culture of Southeast Asia and East Asia, this religion is based on the transcendence of human suffering and pain through the acceptance of the limitations of individuality, the surrender of worldly desires and cravings that cause disappointment and sorrow, and the deliverance from the impermanence of living and individual ego based on wealth, social position, or family through the process of enlightenment (nirvana). The religion also centers around 'anatman', or no-self, the idea that the self is in a state of action or a series of changing manifestations rather than in a state of fixed, metaphysical substance. The structure of the religion is based on the Triratna ("Three Jewels" of Buddha), a tripartite schematic for living based on three elements: Buddha (the teacher), dharma (the teaching), and sangha (community).
public domain
Land owned and controlled by the state or federal government. Also, the status of publications, products, and processes that are not protected under patent or copyright.
works on paper
Use collectively to bring together works of art in which paper is the support, only when terms such as "drawings" or "prints" are not appropriate.
A fluid medium used for drawings or tracings. An opaque, usually black, pigment is mixed with a vehicle such as water to produce a fluid which can be applied with a pen or brush. Through the end of the 19th century, ink was supplied dried in stick or block form which was ground and mixed with water as needed. At the beginning of this century prepared ink became popular.

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